Livingston is a new town (built after World War II) in West Lothian, Scotland. It lies 30 miles east of Glasgow and 15 miles west of Edinburgh, and is bordered by the towns of Bathgate and Broxburn. Its the largest town in West Lothian, with an estimated population 63,160.
The town was created as part of the 1946 New Towns Act to help the overcrowding situation in nearby Glasgow. Others included Irvine, Cumbernauld, Glenrothes, and East Kilbride. People have been living in the area since 1966, and it is since become the third largest town in Scotland.
The ground where Livingston now sits was once used for oil shale mining, but since the 1960s, lighter industries have been attracted to the area, with many pharmaceutical and high-technology companies settling here. Major employers include Tesco (National distribution Centre), the National Health Service, BSkyB (call centre), which is the biggest private sector employer in the region.
The local unemployment rate is currently 4.2%, which is slightly lower than the Scottish average of 4.4%.. The average gross weekly wage is £479, and recruitment agencies consider the area a good place to work thanks to higher than average rates of economic activity for working-age people.