York is a city in North Yorkshire with a population of 197,800. Its economy is worth £3 billion a year and it boasts one of the best educated workforces in the country, with 40.8% of people having achieved NVQ4 or higher qualifications.
That is in part because of the presence of the University of York, which has developed into an important hub for start-up businesses in recent years. Staff based at the campus often work for small IT, biosciences and green technology firms.
However, the public sector remains the major provider of employment in York, with the city council, York Hospitals NHS Trust and the university itself three of the four largest employers. Tourism, hospitality and the arts are also important sources of jobs, including many temporary seasonal positions via recruitment agencies, as more than seven million people a year visit attractions such as York Minster and Jorvik Viking Centre.
The city's key industry is transport, with Northern Rail the biggest private sector employer and both Network Rail and First Group having sizeable presences. Insurer Aviva, food manufacturer Nestle and Portakabin are among the other largest employers, along with supermarket chains Tesco and Sainsbury's.
The median weekly income for a full-time employee in York during 2012 was £519.40, which was above the national average and £54 higher than the average for the Yorkshire and Humber region. Unemployment was also well below the national and regional figures at just 6%.